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- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
GERD stands for gastroesophageal reflux disease. It is a more serious and long-lasting type of reflux. If your child has reflux more than twice a week for a few weeks, it could be GERD. There is a muscle the lower esophageal sphincter that acts as a valve between the esophagus and stomach. When your child swallows, this muscle relaxes to let food pass from the esophagus to the stomach.
This muscle normally stays closed, so the stomach contents don't flow back into the esophagus. In children who have reflux and GERD, this muscle becomes weak or relaxes when it shouldn't, and the stomach contents flow back into the esophagus. This can happen because of. Many children have occasional reflux. Your child might not even notice reflux.
But some children taste food or stomach acid at the back of the mouth. In most cases, a doctor diagnoses reflux by reviewing your child's symptoms and medical history. If the symptoms do not get better with lifestyle changes and anti-reflux medicines, your child may need testing to check for GERD or other problems. Several tests can help a doctor diagnose GERD.
Sometimes doctors order more than one test to get a diagnosis. Commonly-used tests include. If changes at home do not help enough, the doctor may recommend medicines to treat GERD.
The medicines work by lowering the amount of acid in your child's stomach. Some medicines for GERD in children are over-the-counter, and some are prescription medicines. They include. If these don't help and your child still has severe symptoms, then surgery might be an option. A pediatric gastroenterologist, a doctor who treats children who have digestive diseases, would do the surgery. What causes reflux and GERD in children?
This can happen because of A hiatal hernia , a condition in which the upper part of your stomach pushes upward into your chest through an opening in your diaphragm Increased pressure on the abdomen from being overweight or having obesity Medicines, such as certain asthma medicines, antihistamines which treat allergies , pain relievers , sedatives which help put people to sleep , and antidepressants Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke A previous surgery on the esophagus or upper abdomen A severe developmental delay Certain neurological conditions , such as cerebral palsy How common are reflux and GERD in children?
What are the symptoms of reflux and GERD in children? It is more common in older children 12 years and up. No alternative medicine therapies have been proved to treat GERD or reverse damage to the esophagus. Some complementary and alternative therapies may provide some relief, when combined with your doctor's care.
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Talk to your doctor about what alternative GERD treatments may be safe for you. The options might include:. In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment anytime you don't understand something. Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them may leave time to go over points you want to spend more time on.roamafar.trailblazer.outdoorsy.co/fihi-billig-zithromax-100mg.php
Reflux in Children
You may be asked:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Endoscopy An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube endoscope down your throat and into your esophagus.
Substitute for esophageal sphincter The LINX device is an expandable ring of metal beads that keeps stomach acid from refluxing into the esophagus, but allows food to pass into the stomach. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter.
What to drink if you have acid reflux
References Kahrilas PJ. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux in adults. Accessed Jan. Feldman M, et al. Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Philadelphia, Pa.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD adult. Rochester, Minn. Schwaitzberg SD. Surgical management of gastroesophageal reflux in adults.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
Townsend CM Jr, et al. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia. Kahrilas PJ. Complications of gastroesophageal reflux in adults.